ACCC v NSK Australia Pty Ltd
 FCA 453 (13 May 2014)
Justice Edmonds imposed a pecuniary penalty in the sum of $3 million on NSK relating to contraventions of s 45(2) (making and giving effect to price fixing conduct in relation to ball bearings).
NSK admitted the arrangements or understandings in question containing provisions to which s 45A applied and that s 45 was, as a result, contravened (the relevant conduct took place before section 45A was replaced with new cartel laws).
The ACCC and A-NSK also reached agreement as to the suggested penalty and the Court accepted that the penalty of $3m was 'within a range that, unaided by the parties’ views, is appropriate' (para 60).