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Competition law cases by year

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Chronological Current cases Merger cases Link to High Court cases

Leading and other important cases are highlighted in boxes below. High Court cases are highlighted in blue. These largely exclude agreed contravention and penalty cases. Note that where matters have been appealed the case is sorted by the year of the highest appeal decision. The case list is not - and is not intended - to be exhaustive and additional cases and summaries will continue to be added over time.

2017

Horse racing

ACCC v Australian Competition Tribunal [2017] FCAFC 150
ACCC's application for judicial review regarding process for determining merger authorisation

 

Image of broken egg

ACCC v Australian Egg Corporation Limited [2017] FCAFC 152
(25 September 2017)

Allegations of attempting to induce cartel conduct (dismissed)

 

ACCC v Cement Australia [2013] FCA 909 (10 September 2013)
Anti-competitive agreements, misuse of market power (penalty judgment 2016)
Appeal against penalty successful (ACCC v v Cement Australia Pty Ltd [2017] FCAFC 159)

 

Electrical cable

ACCC v Olex Australia Pty Ltd [2017] FCA 222 (9 March 2017)
Allegations of cartel conduct (dismissed)

 

Aeroplane

Air New Zealand Ltd v ACCC; PT Garuda Indonesia Ltd v ACCC [2017] HCA 21
Price fixing; 'market in Australia'; s 4E

Full Federal Court: ACCC v P T Garuda Indonesia Ltd [2016] FCAFC 42
Trial: ACCC v Air New Zealand Limited [2014] FCA 1157

 

iPhone

Bendigo and Adelaide Banks & Ors (Authorisation application re: ApplePay)
Application for authorisation in respect of ApplePay (collective bargaining and boycott)
Authorisation denied

 

UK Flag

Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions v Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha [2017] FCA 876
First criminal cartel conviction (discount for guilty plea)

 

Container ship

External linkPort of Newcastle Operations Pty Ltd v Australian Competition Tribunal [2017] FCAFC 124
Access regime.

 

Horse racing

Tabcorp Holdings and Tatts Group - proposed merger (ACT 1 of 2017)
Tribunal decision on merger authorisation

 

2016

Piggy bank

External linkACCC v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited [2016] FCA 1516
Attempted cartel conduct (admitted) (penalties imposed higher than those 'agreed')

 

Image of broken egg

External linkACCC v Australian Egg Corporation Limited [2016] FCA 69
Cartel conduct (appeal lodged 2 March 2016)

Appealed. See ACCC v Australian Egg Corporation Limited
[2017] FCAFC 152 (25 September 2017)

Allegations of attempting to induce cartel conduct (dismissed)

 

ACCC v Cement Australia [2016] FCA 453
Penalty judgment (anti-competitive agreements)

Penalty appealed (successfully). See ACCC v v Cement Australia Pty Ltd [2017] FCAFC 159

Substantive judgment: ACCC v Cement Australia [2013] FCA 909 (10 September 2013)

 

Aeroplane

ACCC v Flight Centre Travel Group Limited [2016] HCA 49
Trial decision: ACCC v Flight Centre Limited (No 2) [2013] FCA 1313 (6 December 2013)
Full Federal Court: Flight Centre Limited v ACCC [2015] FCAFC 104

 

Aeroplane

ACCC v P T Garuda Indonesia Ltd [2016] FCAFC 42 (21 March 2016)
Price fixing; 'market in Australia'; s 4E

Appeal from: ACCC v Air New Zealand Limited [2014] FCA 1157

Appealed to High Court: Air New Zealand Ltd v ACCC; PT Garuda Indonesia Ltd v ACCC [2017] HCA 21

 

Electrical cable

ACCC v Prysmian Cavi E Sistemi S.R.L. (No 12) [2016] FCA 822
Cartels, price fixing (bid rigging); extraterritoriality

See also ACCC v Prysmian Cavi E Sistemi Energia SRL (No 5) [2013] FCA 294 (5 April 2013) (Justice Lander)
Price fixing/bid rigging (admissions and agreed order between Viscas/ACCC)

 

2015

Piggy bank

ACCC v ANZ Ltd [2015] FCAFC 103 (31 July 2015)
Appeal from: ACCC v ANZ Ltd [2013] FCA 1206 (18 November 2013)
Full Federal Court - price fixing and agency

 

Surgery

External linkACCC v Little Company of Mary Health Care Ltd [2015] FCA 1144
Exclusive dealing (contravention admitted)

 

ACCC v Pfizer [2015] FCA (25 February 2015)
Misuse of market power; exclusive dealing
[Appealed]

 

Credit cards

ACCC v Visa Inc [2015] FCA 1020
Admitted contravention of s 47 (exclusive dealing); pecuniary penalty

 

Toyota car body

ACCC v Yazaki Corporation (No 2) [2015] FCA 1304
Cartel conduct

 

Rail strike

External linkCommonwealth of Australia v Director, Fair Work Building Industry Inspectorate; Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union v Director, Fair Work Building Industry Inspectorate [2015] HCA 46
This case was not a competition law case; however it related to the common practice of parties agreeing with regulators on appropriate penalties to present to the Court. The High Court concluded that "in civil penalty proceedings, courts are not precluded from considering and, if appropriate, imposing penalties that are agreed between the parties" (quote taken from judgment summary). This restored the common practice that had been halted as a result of the Full Federal Court's decision which precluded joint penalty submissions.

 

Aeroplane

Flight Centre Limited v Australian Competition and Consumer Commission [2015] FCAFC 104 (Full Federal Court)
Agency - cartel

Appeal to High Court:
ACCC v Flight Centre Travel Group Limited [2016] HCA 49
Appeal from:
ACCC v Flight Centre Limited (No 2) [2013] FCA 1313 (6 Dec 2013)

 

2014

Aeroplane

ACCC v Air New Zealand Limited [2014] FCA 1157
Price fixing; 'market in Australia'; s 4E

Appealed to Full Federal Court: ACCC v P T Garuda Indonesia Ltd [2016] FCAFC 42 (21 March 2016)

Appealed to High Court: Air New Zealand Ltd v ACCC; PT Garuda Indonesia Ltd v ACCC [2017] HCA 21

 

Supermarket trolly

ACCC v Coles Supermarkets Australia Pty Ltd [2014] FCA 1405
Unconscionable conduct (consent orders)

 

Supermarket trolly

ACCC v Coles Group Limited [2014] FCA 363; ACCC v Woolworths Limited [2014] FCA 364 (14 April 2014)
Enforceable undertakings (whether breached) - shopper dockets

 

Ball bearing

ACCC v NSK Australia Pty Ltd [2014] FCA 453 (13 May 2014)
Price fixing (admitted)

 

Gas bottles

ACCC v Renegade Gas Pty Ltd (trading as Supagas NSW) and Speed-E-Gas (NSW) Pty Ltd [2014] FCA 1135
Cartel conduct - agreed penalties totalling $8.3 million (contraventions admitted) - cooperation

 

Mining

Obeid v ACCC [2014] FCA 839 (8 August 2014)
Validity of section 155 notices

 

Power Tools

Tooltechnic Systems (Aust) Pty Ltd - Authorisation - A91433 [5 December 2014]
RPM authorisation

 

2013

ACCC v ANZ Ltd [2013] FCA 1206 (18 November 2013)
Price fixing

ACCC v Cement Australia [2013] FCA 909 (10 September 2013)
Anti-competitive agreements, misuse of market power

Penalty judgment: ACCC v Cement Australia [2016] FCA 453
Appeal against penalty successful: ACCC v v Cement Australia Pty Ltd [2017] FCAFC 159

 

Aeroplane

ACCC v Flight Centre Limited (No 2) [2013] FCA 1313 (6 Dec 2013)
Agency - cartel

Appeal to Full Federal Court:
Flight Centre Limited v ACCC [2015] FCAFC 104

Appeal to High Court:
ACCC v Flight Centre Travel Group Limited [2016] HCA 49

 

Ball bearing

ACCC v Koyo Australia Pty Ltd [2013] FCA 105 (18 October 2013)
Admitted cartel conduct - penalties by consent


Electrical cable

ACCC v Prysmian Cavi E Sistemi Energia SRL (No 5) [2013] FCA 294 (5 April 2013) (Justice Lander)
Price fixing/bid rigging (admissions and agreed order between Viscas/ACCC). Proceedings continued against other respondents

See: ACCC v Prysmian Cavi E Sistemi S.R.L. (No 12) [2016] FCA 822
Cartels, price fixing (bid rigging); extraterritoriality

 

Wheat

External linkApplication by Co-operative Bulk Handling Limited (No 3) [2013] ACompT 3
Appeal against revocation of exclusive dealing notification - public benefit v SLC

 

Mining

Norcast S.ár.L v Bradken Limited (No 2) [2013] FCA 235 (19 March 2013)
Cartels - bid rigging - first case to consider new cartel laws

 

Milk bottles

External linkParmalat Australia Pty Ltd v VIP Plastic Packaging Pty Ltd
[2013] FCA 119 (22 February 2013)

Exclusive dealing (application for interlocutory relief dismissed)

 

2012

 

2011

 

2010

Taxi

ACCC v Black & White Cabs Pty Ltd [2010] FCA 1399
Exclusive dealing (third line forcing)

 

ACCC v Cabcharge [2010] FCA 1261
Contraventions admitted - misuse of market power (refusal to deal/predatory pricing)

 

Baby cot

ACCC v IGC Dorel Pty Ltd [2010] FCA 1303 (10 December 2010)
Resale price maintenance - agreed penalties

 

Rail track

Fortescue Metals Group Limited; In the Matter of [2010] ACompT 2
Access (overturned in part on appeal to the federal court)

 

2009

 

2008

Aeroplane

External linkACCC v British Airways PLC (2008) ATPR 42-265; [2008] FCA 1977
Collusive conduct - SLC - Penalties - Admission of liability

 

Image of QANTAS plane

External linkACCC v QANTAS Airways Ltd (2008) ATPR 42-266; [2008] FCA 1976
Collusive conduct - SLC - Penalties - Admission of liability

 

Network cable

External linkApplication by Chime Communications Pty Ltd [2008] ACompT 4
Access

 

Aeroplane

Auskay International Manufacturing & Trade Pty Ltd v Qantas Airways Ltd (2008) ATPR 42-256; [2008] FCA 1458
Alleged cartel - specificity of market (and associated proceedings)

 

2007

Abalone shell

ACCC v Australian Abalone Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 1834
Admitted price fixing and boycott conduct - discussion of agreed penalties and mention of propsed criminal penalties

 

ACCC v Baxter Healthcare [2007] HCA 38 (29 August 2007); [2008] FCAFC 141
Misuse of market power, exclusive dealing, derivative crown immunity

 

Perfume

ACCC v Jurlique International Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 79
Resale price maintenance

 

Petrol pumps

ACCC v Leahy Petroleum Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 794 (29 May 2007) (Geelong Petrol case)
Price fixing - meaning of 'contract, arrangement or understanding' (held no contravention)

 

Cardboard box

ACCC v Visy Industries Holdings Pty Limited (No 3) [2007] FCA 1617 (2 November 2007)
Admission of cartel conduct - penalties of $36m + imposed

 

Lemon tree

External linkNelson Enterprises Pty Ltd [ACCC Notification - 31 July 2007]
Collective bargaining notification (first application - involved Queensland citrus growers)

 

Medicine

Re Medicines Australia Inc [2007] ACompT 4 (27 June 2007)
Authorisation

 

2006

Wine on rack

ACCC v Liquorland (Australia) Pty Ltd [2006] FCA 826 (30 June 2006)
Exclusionary provisions, anti-competitive agreements

 

Writing contract

SST Consulting Services Pty Limited v Rieson [2006] HCA 31
Focus on issue of severance and s 4L of the Act; exclusive dealing (third line forcing)

 

2005

Skin cream

External linkACCC v Dermalogica Pty Ltd [2005] FCA 152; (2005) 215 ALR 482
Resale price maintenance

 

Woman on beach

External linkACCC v Eurong Beach Resort Ltd [2005] FCA 1900
Misuse of Market Power, Exclusionary Provisions, Exclusive Dealing and Anti-competitve agreements (agreed penalties)

 

Petrol pumps

Apco Service Stations Pty Ltd v ACCC [2005] FCAFC 161 (Ballarat Petrol case)
Price fixing, meaning of understanding
(appeal from ACCC v Leahy Petroleum Pty Ltd [2004] FCA 1678)

 

2004

Brick wall

External linkACCC v Midland Brick Co Pty Ltd [2004] FCA 693
Price fixing - joint submission on orders - principles governing joint submissions

 

Blood

External linkAustralian Association of Pathology Practices Incorporated [2004] ACompT 4; (2004) ATPR 41-985
Authorisation - exclusive dealing - third line forcing

 

Electricity

NT Power Generation v Power and Water Authority [2004] HCA 48; 219 CLR 90
Misuse of market power; access to services (through s 46)

 

Image of QANTAS plane

External linkQantas Airways Ltd [2004] A Comp T 9
Authorisation

 

TV

External linkSeven Network Ltd v ACCC [2004] FCAFC 267; (2004) 140 FCR 170
Section 155

 

2003

Medical instruments

External linkACCC v Australian Medical Association Western Australian Branch Inc
[2003] FCA 686; (2003) ATPR 41-945

Price fixing, market definition

 

Supermarket trolly

ACCC v Australian Safeway Stores Pty Limited
[2003] FCAFC 149 (30 June 2003)

Misuse of market power, exclusive dealing, price fixing

 

Electricity

Australian Gas Light Company (ACN 052 167 405) v Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (No. 3) [2003] FCA 1525
Mergers - declaration that merger would not SLC - declaration sought after ACCC refused to provide informal clearance

 

Masonry

Boral Besser Masonry Limited (now Boral Masonry Ltd) v ACCC [2003] HCA 5 (7 February 2003)
Misuse of market power; predatory pricing

 

Rugby

News Ltd v South Sydney District Rugby League Football Club Ltd [2003] HCA 45
Deals with s 45's prohibition of exclusionary provisions in relation to South Sydney's exclusion from the national rugby competition in 2000.

 

Newspaper

Rural Press Limited v Australian Competition and Consumer Commission [2003] HCA 75 (11 December 2003)
Misuse of market power and exclusionary provisions

 

compact discs

Universal Music Australia Pty Ltd v ACCC [2003] FCAFC 193
Misuse of market power; exclusive dealing, purpose or effect of SLC

 

Recycle paper

Visy Paper Pty Ltd v ACCC [2003] HCA 59
Sectison 45 and 47 - anti-overlap

 

2002

 

2001

 

2000

 

1997

Petrol pumps

ACCC v Mobil Oil Australia Ltd (1997) ATPR 41–568
Price fixing. Pleadings. Parallel conduct.

 

Substation - transformer

AW Tyree Transformers Pty Ltd and Wilson Transformer Co Pty Ltd (1997) ATPR (Com) 50–247
Authorisation - joint marketing scheme

 

1996

 

1995

Supermarket trolly

Re QIW Ltd (1995) 132 ALR 225
Merger, Market definition

 

1994

7 Eleven store

Re 7-Eleven Stores (1994) ATPR 41-357
Market definition, public benefits/detriment

 

Supermarket trolly

Davids Holdings v Attorney-General (1994) 49 FCR 211
Mergers, Market definition

 

Car

External linkKAM Nominees Pty Ltd v Australian Guarantee Corporation Ltd (1994) 123 ALR 711
Exclusive dealing

 

Razor blade - shaving

WSGAL Pty Limited v Trade Practices Commission, the Gillette Company, Wilkinson Sword Limited and Registrar of Trade Marks [1994] FCA 1079; (1994) 122 ALR 673
Mergers and divestiture power under s 81 - constitutional validity

 

1993

Truck

Gallagher v Pioneer Concrete (NSW) Pty Ltd (1993) 113 ALR 159
Anti-competitive agreements

 

Supermarket trolly

QIW Retailers Ltd v Davids Holdings [1993] FCA 204; (1993) ATPR 41-226
Mergers; Trade Practices Economics

 

Magazine rack

Stationers Supply Pty Ltd v Victorian Authorised Newsagents Associated Limited (1993) 44 FCR 35
Purpose or effect of substantially lessening competition (ss 45 and 47)

 

Petrol pump

TPC v Service Station Association Ltd (1993) 44 FCR 206
Anti-competitive agreements; Price Fixing

 

1992

Software

Broderbund Software Inc v Computermate Products (Australia) Pty Ltd (1992) ATPR 41-155
Market definition

 

Cow

Dowling v Dalgety Australia Ltd (1992) 34 FCR 109
Anti-competitive agreements; misuse of market power; market definition

 

Wine

External linkTPC v Penfold Wines Pty Ltd (1992) ATPR 41–163
Resale price maintenance

 

1991

 

1990

Arnotts Limited v TPC (1990) ATPR para 41-061; (1990) 97 ALR 555; (1990) 24 FCR 313
Merger - market definition - dominance (different types of biscuits)

External linkTPC v Arnotts (1990) 93 ALR 657 (trial)
Mergers

 

Data

ASX Operations Pty Ltd v Pont Data Australia Pty Ltd (No. 1) (1990) 27 FCR 460
Anti-competitive agreements, exclusionary provisions, misuse of market power

 

Concert

External linkThe Paul Dainty Corporation Pty Ltd v The National Tennis Centre Trust [1990] FCA 163; (1990) 22 FCR 495 (LawCite)
Exclusive dealing (sub-sections 47(1), (8), (9) and (13))

 

Stock Exchange Data

External linkPont Data Australia Pty Limited v ASX Operations Pty Limited (1990) FCA 30
Misuse of market power, anti-competitive agreements, exclusive dealing, price discrimination

 

Sony camera

External linkTPC v Sony (Australia) Pty Ltd (1990) ATPR 41–031
Resale price maintenance

 

1989

Steel

Queensland Wire Industries v BHP (1989) 167 CLR 177 (High Court)
Misuse of market power - leveraging market power (section 46)

 

1988

 

1987

 

1986

 

1985

Petrol

External linkTPC v Parkfield Operations Pty Ltd (1985) 5 FCR 140
Contract, arrangement or understanding - mutuality

 

Cargo - freight

External linkTPC v TNT Management Pty Ltd (1985) 6 FCR 1
Agreement or understanding - exclusionary provision - SLC - economic evidence

 

1984

 

1983

Windscreen

External linkO'Brien Glass Industries Ltd v Cool & Sons Pty Ltd (1983) 77 FLR 441
Market definition; exclusive dealing

 

Radio

External linkRadio 2UE Sydney Pty Ltd v Stereo FM Pty Ltd (1983) 68 FLR 70
[Full Federal Court]
Meaning of 'substantial'

Appeal From: External linkRadio 2UE Sydney Pty Ltd v Stereo FM Pty Ltd (1982) 62 FLR 437 [Federal Court (Lockhart J)]
Meaning of 'substantial'

 

1982

Boat with Mercury motor

Dandy Power Equipment Pty Ltd v Mercury Marine Pty Ltd (1982) ATPR 40–315
Substantial lessening of competition

 

Boat with Mercury motor

Outboard Marine Pty Ltd v Hecar Investments (No 6) Pty Ltd (1982) ATPR 40–327
Exclusive dealing

 

BMW

External linkRe: Peter Williamson Pty Ltd v Capitol Motors Ltd [1982] FCA 79
Resale price maintenance - refusal to supply - recommended price

 

Radio

External linkRadio 2UE Sydney Pty Ltd v Stereo FM Pty Ltd (1982) 62 FLR 437
[Federal Court (Lockhart J)] Meaning of 'substantial'

Appeal to:
External linkRadio 2UE Sydney Pty Ltd v Stereo FM Pty Ltd (1983) 68 FLR 70
[Full Federal Court] Meaning of 'substantial'

 

1981

 

1980

Beer

External linkMorphett Arms Hotel Pty Ltd v Trade Practices Commission (1980) 30 ALR 88
This is the appeal from TPC v Nicholas Enterprises

 

Used car

External linkRon Hodgson (Holding) Pty Ltd v Westco Motors (Distributors) Pty Ltd (1980) 29 ALR 307; [1980] FCA 3
Resale price maintenance (withholding supply)

 

Globe

External linkSWB Family Credit Union Ltd v Parramatta Tourist Services Pty Ltd [1980] FCA 125; (1980) 48 FLR 445
Exclusive dealing (third line forcing)

 

Electricity meter

TPC v Email Ltd (1980) ATPR 40–172
Anti-competitive agreements; exchange of price lists, circumstantial evidence

 

1979

 

1978

 

1976

 

1975

 

Pre - Trade Practices Act 1974 / Competition and Consumer Act 2010

1972

iPhone

Re Books [1972] 20 FLR 256
Resale Price Maintenance - Trade Practices Tribunal - Application for exemption from Restrictive Trade Practices Act 1971

 

Tableware

External linkMikasa (NSW) Pty Ltd v Festival Stores [1972] HCA 69; (1972) 127 CLR 617
Resale price maintenance - recommended prices

 

1971

 

1963

 

1950

 

1913

Attorney-General v The Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd (1913) 18 CLR 30
Australian Industries Preservation Act 1906 - Price fixing and market allocation - injury to the public

 

1911

Collieries

R v Associated Northern Collieries (1911) 14 CLR 387
On the issue of establishing collusion

 

1894