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Penalties/remedies | Reading


Australian commentary

For research and commentary on penalties and remedies in Australia generally see main reading room.


On pecuniary penalties

On measure of penalties

Michael Ferguson and Scott Meacock, 'Enforcements and Remedies: Cartel conduct: A survey of the ACCC's enforcement activity' (2014) 22 AJCCL 46

Jade Winterton, 'Examining the effectiveness of sanctions in order to deter cartel conduct in Australia' (2011) 4 Global Antitrust Review

On agreed penalties

Anne Rees, 'Status quo restored: High Court approves use of agreed civil penalty submissions' (2016) 32(1) Competition and Consumer Law News 134

Rebecca Ananian-Welsh and Kate Gover, 'Before the High Court: Commonwealth v Director, Fair Work Building Industry Inspectorate: The End of Penalty Agreements in Civil Pecuniary Penalty Schemes?

Julie Clarke, The Federal Court of Australia rules against submissions on agreed penalties (Fair Work Building Industry Inspectorate / Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union), e-Competitions Bulletin June 2015, Art. N° 73596

Ayman Guirguis, Richard Flitcroft and Asa Lam, 'Where to now for agreed civil penalty outcomes following the CFMEU and Barbaro decisions?' (2015) 31(5) Competition and Consumer Law News 62

Ayman Guirguis, Sarah Godden and Asa Lam, 'ACCC v Chopra: penalty submissions in the aftermath of CFMEU and Barbaro' (August 2015) 31 Competition and Consumer Law News 76

Peter Renehan and Peta Stevenson, 'Purity But at What Price: The Application of Barbaro Principles to Pecuniary Penalty Proceedings' (2015) 23(1) Compettition and Consumer Law Journal

Samantha Teong, 'Stamping out rubber-stamped penalties? Determining an appropriate judicial response to agreed penalties in civil penalty settlements' (2015) 43 Australian Business Law Review 48

Kirsten Webb and Anchal Kapur, 'No Agreement over Agreed Penalties' (2015) 31(9-10) Competition and Consumer Law News 114

Law firm commentary on High Court ruling

Allens><Linklaters: 'Significant High Court Decision on Settlement of Regulatory Proceedings' (Allens><Linklaters Client Update, 9 December 2015)

Clayton Utz, 'Negotiating agreed penalties with regulators is OK, says High Court' (9 December 2015).

Gilbert+Tobin, 'The Return of Certainty: Negotiated Resolutions in Civil Penalty Proceedings' (December 2014)

King&Wood Mallesons: Peta Stevenson, Trish Henry and Emma White, 'Australia's High Court reinstates agreed penalties' (King&Wood Mallesons, 9 December 2015)

King&Wood Mallesons: Emma White, 'High Court reinstates agreed penalties' (In Competition, 9 December 2015)


On Criminal Penalties

externallinkCaron Beaton-Wells and Christine Parker, 'Justifying criminal sanctions for cartel conduct: A hard case' (2013) 1(1) Journal of Antitrust Enforcement 198

Graeme Edgerton and Luke Woodward, 'Criminalisation of cartels' in Michael Legg, Regulation, litigation and enforcement, Thomson (2011) (chapter 14)

Justice Ray Finkelstein, 'Crimes and punishments of competition law' (2011) 18 CCLJ 207

Caron Beaton-Wells and Brent Fisse,  'U.S. Policy and Practice in Pursuing Individual Accountability for Cartel Conduct: A Preliminary Critique' (2010) Antitrust Bulletin

Caron-Beaton-Wells and Fiona Haines, 'The Australian Conversion: How the Case for Cartel Criminalisation Was Made' (2010) New Journal of European Criminal Law

Julie Clarke, 'Running a Cartel? Go Directly to Jail' (May 2010) Law Institute Journal 52

Julie Clarke, The increasing criminalization of economic law – a competition law perspective, Workshop paper presented at 28th International Symposium on Economic Crime 2010, Jesus College, University of Cambridge, 9 September 2010

externallinkJustice Weinberg, 'The Current and Proposed Criminal Jurisdiction of the Federal Court' (VSC) [2008] VicJSchol 14 - A paper presented at the Federal Criminal Law Conference Sydney, Friday 5 September 2008

externallinkCaron Beaton-Wells and Brent Fisse, 'Criminal Cartels: Individual Liability and Sentencing' (June 2009) University of Melbourne Legal Studies Research Paper No 415 (SSRN)

externallinkCaron Beaton-Wells and Brent Fisse, 'The Cartel Offences: An Elemental Pathology' (June 2009) University of Melbourne Legal Studies Research Paper No. 414 (SSRN)

externallinkCaron Beaton-Wells and Fiona Haines, 'Making Cartel Conduct Criminal: A Case-Study of Ambiguity in Controlling Business Behaviour' (2009) 42 Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology [at SSRN]

Graeme Davidson, 'The Role of the CDPP in the Prosecution of the Proposed Cartel Offence', Competition Law Conference, Sydney, 23 May 2009

externallinkMartin P Shanahan and David K Round, 'Serious cartel conduct, criminalization and evidentiary standards: Lessons from the Coal Vend Case of 1911 in Australia' (Centre for Regulation and Market Analysis, School of Commerce, University of New South Wales)

Caron Beaton-Wells, 'The Politics of Cartel Criminalisation: A Pessimistic View from Australia' (2008) 29 European Competition Law Review

Caron Beaton-Wells, 'Criminalising Cartels: Australia’s Slow Conversion' (2008) 31 World Competition pp. 205-233

Caron Beaton-Wells and Brent Fisse, 'Criminalising Serious Cartel Conduct: Issues of Law and Policy' [2008] UMelbLRS 3

Adrian Hoel, 'Crime does not pay but hard-core cartel conduct may: Why it should be criminalised' (2008) 16 Trade Practices Law Journal 102

externallinkCaron Beaton-Wells, 'Capturing the Criminality of Hard Core Cartels: The Australian Proposal' (2007) 31(3) Melbourne University Law Review [SSRN]

externallinkBrent Fisse, 'The Australian Cartel Criminalisation Proposals: An Overview and Critique' (2007) 4(1) Competition Law Review 51-71 (SSRN)

Julie Clarke, Criminal Penalties for Contraventions of Part IV of the Trade Practices Act (2005) 10 Deakin Law Review 141

Julie Clarke and Mirko Bagaric, 'The Desirability of Criminal Penalties for Breaches of Part IV of the Trade Practices Act' (2003) 31 Australian Business Law Review 192-209


On Damages


On Class Actions

Robert McGregor and Dawnie Lam, 'Airlines Class Action: Full Federal Court Overturns Strike Out Judgment: Auskay International Manufacturing and Trade Pty Ltd v Qantas Airways Limited [2010] FCAFC 6' (2011) 36(1) Air and Space Law 79-82

Kate Watts and Tova Gordon, 'Cartel class actions: Recent developments in Australia' (2010) 18 Trade Practices Law Journal 81

externallinkBrooke Dellavedova and Rebecca Gilsenan, 'Challenges in Cartel Class Actions' [2009] UNSWLawJl 52; (2009) 32(3) University of New South Wales Law Journal 1001

externallinkAlex Wynn, ‘Richard Pratt and the Visy Executive Saga and the Class Action Against Amcor' [2008] 10(5) ADR Bulletin 91


On Divestiture


On Private Enforcement generally