Home Page / Legislation / Competition and Consumer Act 2010 / s 45AL

Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (Cth)

Section 45AL
Conduct notified

Note: The Harper Reforms came into operation on 6 November 2017. This section has been modified and re-numbered. It was originally numbered section 44ZZRR . This page reflects the changes brought about by the passage of the Competition and Consumer Amendment (Competition Policy Reform) Act 2017. Please visit section 44ZZRL for the provision immediately prior to the commencement of the Harper Reforms.


The provision

(1) Sections 45AF, 45AG, 45AJ and 45AK do not apply to a corporation in relation to a contract, arrangement or understanding containing a cartel provision, in so far as:

(a) the cartel provision:

(i) has the purpose, or has or is likely to have the effect, mentioned in subsection 45AD(2); or

(ii) has the purpose mentioned in a paragraph of subsection 45AD(3) other than paragraph (c); and

(b) the corporation has given the Commission a collective bargaining notice under subsection 93AB(1A) setting out particulars of the contract, arrangement or understanding; and

(c) the notice is in force under section 93AD.

Note: A defendant bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subsection (1) (see subsection 13.3(3) of the Criminal Code and subsection (2) of this section).

(2) A person who wishes to rely on subsection (1) in relation to a contravention of section 45AJ or 45AK bears an evidential burden in relation to that matter.


Legislative history

Amended Competition and Consumer Amendment (Competition Policy Reform) Act 2017 (Act 114 of 2017)

The content of this provision did not change - it was simply renumbered

Introduced by Trade Practices Amendment (Cartel Conduct and Other Measures) Act 2009

Operative: 24 July 2009



The insertion of this provision was part of the package of reforms introducing criminal penalties for cartel conduct. The reforms also created a parallel civil cartel prohibition, replacing the former s 45A which dealt directly with price-fixing.

The reforms were initially recommend by the Dawson Committee as part of its 2002-2003 inquiry into the Competition Law provisions of the Trade Practices Act.

See further information and resources on the cartel page.