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Australian competiton law cases

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Leading and other important cases are highlighted in boxes below. High Court caases are highlighted in blue. These largely exclude agreed contravention and penalty cases. The case list is not - and is not intended - to be exhaustive and additional cases and summaries will continue to be added over time.

A

ACCC v April International Marketing Services Australia Pty Ltd (No 8) [2011] FCA 153
Foreign cartel with effect of price fixing in Australia contrary to s 45. Penalty principles.

ACCC v ANZ Ltd [2015] FCAFC 103 (31 July 2015)
Appeal from: ACCC v ANZ Ltd [2013] FCA 1206 (18 November 2013)
Full Federal Court - price fixing and agency

External linkACCC v Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited [2016] FCA 1516
Attempted cartel conduct (admitted) (penalties imposed higher than those 'agreed')

ACCC v Australian Abalone Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 1834
Admitted price fixing and boycott conduct - discussion of agreed penalties and mention of propsed criminal penalties

External linkACCC v Australian Egg Corporation Limited [2016] FCA 69
Cartel conduct (appeal lodged 2 March 2016)

External linkACCC v Australian Medical Association Western Australian Branch Inc [2003] FCA 686; (2003) ATPR 41-945
Price fixing, market definition

ACCC v Australian Safeway Stores Pty Limited [2003] FCAFC 149 (30 June 2003)
Misuse of market power, exclusive dealing, price fixing

ACCC v Baxter Healthcare [2007] HCA 38 (29 August 2007); [2008] FCAFC 141
Misuse of market power, exclusive dealing, derivative crown immunity

ACCC v Bill Express Ltd (in liq) (2009) 180 FCR 105; [2009] FCA 1022
Exclusive dealing (third line forcing)

ACCC v Black & White Cabs Pty Ltd [2010] FCA 1399
Exclusive dealing (third line forcing)

External linkACCC v British Airways PLC (2008) ATPR 42-265; [2008] FCA 1977
Collusive conduct - SLC - Penalties - Admission of liability

ACCC v Cabcharge [2010] FCA 1261
Contraventions admitted - misuse of market power (refusal to deal/predatory pricing)

ACCC v Cement Australia [2013] FCA 909 (10 September 2013)
Anti-competitive agreements, misuse of market power (penalty judgment 2016)

ACCC v Coles Group Limited [2014] FCA 363; ACCC v Woolworths Limited [2014] FCA 364 (14 April 2014)
Enforceable undertakings (whether breached) - shopper dockets

ACCC v Coles Supermarkets Australia Pty Ltd [2014] FCA 1405
Unconscionable conduct (consent orders)

External linkACCC v Dermalogica Pty Ltd [2005] FCA 152; (2005) 215 ALR 482
Resale price maintenance

External linkACCC v Eurong Beach Resort Ltd [2005] FCA 1900
Misuse of Market Power, Exclusionary Provisions, Exclusive Dealing and Anti-competitve agreements (agreed penalties)

ACCC v Flight Centre Travel Group Limited [2016] HCA 49
Trial decision: ACCC v Flight Centre Limited (No 2) [2013] FCA 1313 (6 December 2013)
Full Federal Court: Flight Centre Limited v ACCC [2015] FCAFC 104

ACCC v IGC Dorel Pty Ltd [2010] FCA 1303 (10 December 2010)
Resale price maintenance - agreed penalties

External linkACCC v IMB Group Pty Ltd (ACN 050 411 946) (in liq) [2002] FCA 402
Exclusive dealing (third line forcing)

ACCC v Jurlique International Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 79
Resale price maintenance

ACCC v Koyo Australia Pty Ltd [2013] FCA 105 (18 October 2013)
Admitted cartel conduct - penalties by consent

ACCC v Leahy Petroleum Pty Ltd [2007] FCA 794 (29 May 2007) (Geelong Petrol case)
Price fixing - meaning of 'contract, arrangement or understanding' (held no contravention)

External linkACCC v Link Solutions Pty Ltd (No 3) [2012] FCA 348
Exclusive dealing - third line forcing

ACCC v Liquorland (Australia) Pty Ltd [2006] FCA 826 (30 June 2006)
Exclusionary provisions, anti-competitive agreements

ACCC v Metcash Trading Limited [2011] FCA 967 (25 August 2011); [2001] FCAFC 151 (30 November 2011)
Merger - held merger not likely to SLC. ACCC appeal failed.

External linkACCC v Midland Brick Co Pty Ltd [2004] FCA 693
Price fixing - joint submission on orders - principles governing joint submissions

ACCC v Mobil Oil Australia Ltd (1997) ATPR 41–568
Price fixing. Pleadings. Parallel conduct.

ACCC v NSK Australia Pty Ltd [2014] FCA 453 (13 May 2014)
Price fixing (admitted)

ACCC v Olex Australia Pty Ltd [2017] FCA 222 (9 March 2017)
Allegations of cartel conduct (dismissed)

ACCC v Pfizer [2015] FCA (25 February 2015)
Misuse of market power; exclusive dealing

ACCC v P T Garuda Indonesia Ltd [2016] FCAFC 42 (21 March 2016)
Note: special leave to appeal to the High Court granted on 14 October 2016
Appeal from: ACCC v Air New Zealand Limited [2014] FCA 1157
Price fixing; 'market in Australia'; s 4E

ACCC v Prysmian Cavi E Sistemi S.R.L. (No 12) [2016] FCA 822
Cartels, price fixing (bid rigging); extraterritoriality

See also ACCC v Prysmian Cavi E Sistemi Energia SRL (No 5) [2013] FCA 294 (5 April 2013) (Justice Lander)
Price fixing/bid rigging (admissions and agreed order between Viscas/ACCC)

External linkACCC v QANTAS Airways Ltd (2008) ATPR 42-266; [2008] FCA 1976
Collusive conduct - SLC - Penalties - Admission of liability

ACCC v Renegade Gas Pty Ltd (trading as Supagas NSW) and Speed-E-Gas (NSW) Pty Ltd [2014] FCA 1135
Cartel conduct - agreed penalties totalling $8.3 million (contraventions admitted) - cooperation

ACCC v TF Woollam & Son Pty Ltd [2011] FCA 973 (24 August 2011)
Price fixing - cover pricing in building tenders

ACCC v Ticketek Pty Ltd [2011] FCA 1489 (22 December 2011)
Misuse of market power (consent orders - $2.5m penalty)

Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Visa Inc [2015] FCA 1020
Admitted contravention of s 47 (exclusive dealing); pecuniary penalty

ACCC v Visy Industries Holdings Pty Limited (No 3) [2007] FCA 1617 (2 November 2007)
Admission of cartel conduct - penalties of $36m + imposed

ACCC v Yazaki Corporation (No 2) [2015] FCA 1304
Cartel conduct

Apco Service Stations Pty Ltd v ACCC [2005] FCAFC 161 (Ballarat Petrol case)
Price fixing, meaning of understanding (appeal from ACCC v Leahy Petroleum Pty Ltd [2004] FCA 1678)

External linkApplication by Chime Communications Pty Ltd [2008] ACompT 4
Access

External linkApplication by Co-operative Bulk Handling Limited (No 3) [2013] ACompT 3
Appeal against revocation of exclusive dealing notification - public benefit v SLC

Arnotts Limited v TPC (1990) ATPR para 41-061; (1990) 97 ALR 555; (1990) 24 FCR 313
Merger - market definition - dominance (different types of biscuits)

External linkTPC v Arnotts (1990) 93 ALR 657 (trial)
Mergers

ASX Operations Pty Ltd v Pont Data Australia Pty Ltd (No. 1) (1990) 27 FCR 460
Anti-competitive agreements, exclusionary provisions, misuse of market power

Attorney-General v The Adelaide Steamship Co Ltd (1913) 18 CLR 30
Australian Industries Preservation Act 1906 - Price fixing and market allocation - injury to the public

Auskay International Manufacturing & Trade Pty Ltd v Qantas Airways Ltd (2008) ATPR 42-256; [2008] FCA 1458
Alleged cartel - specificity of market (and associated proceedings)

External linkAustralian Association of Pathology Practices Incorporated [2004] ACompT 4; (2004) ATPR 41-985
Authorisation - exclusive dealing - third line forcing

Australian Gas Light Company (ACN 052 167 405) v Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (No. 3) [2003] FCA 1525
Mergers - declaration that merger would not SLC - declaration sought after ACCC refused to provide informal clearance

Australian Rugby Union Limited v Hospitality Group Pty Ltd [2000] FCA 823
Market definition

AW Tyree Transformers Pty Ltd and Wilson Transformer Co Pty Ltd (1997) ATPR (Com) 50–247
Authorisation - joint marketing scheme

 

B

Bendigo and Adelaide Banks & Ors (Authorisation application re: ApplePay)
Application for authorisation in respect of ApplePay (collective bargaining and boycott)
Authorisation denied

Re Books [1972] 20 FLR 256
Resale Price Maintenance - Trade Practices Tribunal - Application for exemption from Restrictive Trade Practices Act 1971

Boral Besser Masonry Limited (now Boral Masonry Ltd) v ACCC [2003] HCA 5 (7 February 2003)
Misuse of market power; predatory pricing

External linkBP Australia Ltd v TPC (1986) 12 FCR 118
Resale price maintenance

Broderbund Software Inc v Computermate Products (Australia) Pty Ltd (1992) ATPR 41-155
Market definition

Re British Basic Slag Ltd’s Agreements [1963] 2 All ER 807 [English]
Agreement

Buckley v Tutty (1971) 125 CLR 353
Restraint of trade

 

C

Castlemaine Tooheys Ltd v Williams & Hodgson Transport Pty Ltd [1986] HCA 72; (1986) 162 CLR 395 (2 December 1986)
Exclusive dealing (third line forcing)

External linkCommonwealth of Australia v Director, Fair Work Building Industry Inspectorate; Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union v Director, Fair Work Building Industry Inspectorate [2015] HCA 46
This case was not a competition law case; however it related to the common practice of parties agreeing with regulators on appropriate penalties to present to the Court. The High Court concluded that "in civil penalty proceedings, courts are not precluded from considering and, if appropriate, imposing penalties that are agreed between the parties" (quote taken from judgment summary). This restored the common practice that had been halted as a result of the Full Federal Court's decision which precluded joint penalty submissions.

 

D

 

E

External linkEastern Express Pty Ltd v General Newspapers Pty Ltd (1991) 30 FCR 385
Predatory pricing

External linkEmirates v ACCC [2009] FCA 312
Validity of s 155 notice - issue of market definition

 

F

 

G

 

H

External linkThe Heating Centre Pty Ltd v TPC (1986) 9 FCR 153
Resale price maintenance

Hughes v Western Australian Cricket Association (Inc) (1986) 19 FCR 10
Exclusionary provisions - definition of corporation

 

K

 

L

 

M

 

N

External linkNelson Enterprises Pty Ltd [ACCC Notification - 31 July 2007]
Collective bargaining notification (first application - involved Queensland citrus growers)

News Ltd v Australian Rugby League Ltd (No 2) (1996) 64 FCR 410 (4 October 1996) (Superleague)
Exclusionary provisions

News Ltd v South Sydney District Rugby League Football Club Ltd [2003] HCA 45
Deals with s 45's prohibition of exclusionary provisions in relation to South Sydney's exclusion from the national rugby competition in 2000.

Norcast S.ár.L v Bradken Limited (No 2) [2013] FCA 235 (19 March 2013)
Cartels - bid rigging - first case to consider new cartel laws

Nordenfelt v The Maxim Nordenfelt Guns & Ammunition Co Ltd [1894] AC 535 [English]
Restraint of trade

NT Power Generation v Power and Water Authority [2004] HCA 48; 219 CLR 90
Misuse of market power; access to services (through s 46)

NW Frozen Foods Pty Ltd v Australian Competition and Consumer Commission [1996] FCA 1134; 71 FCR 285
Penalties - agreed penalties - principles

 

O

 

P

 

Q

 

R

 

S

 

T

External linkTillmanns Butcheries Pty Ltd v Australasian Meat Industry Employees' Union (1979) 27 ALR 367
Secondary boycott - purpose - meaning of 'substantial'

Tooltechnic Systems (Aust) Pty Ltd - Authorisation - A91433 [5 December 2014]
RPM authorisation

In Re Tooth and Co Limited; In Re Tooheys Limited (1979) ATPR 40–113 (Tribunal)
Market definition

Top Performance Motors Pty Ltd v Ira Berk (Qld) Pty Ltd (1975) 5 ALR 465
Market definition

TPC v Allied Mills Industries Pty Ltd [1981] FCA 142; (1981) 60 FLR 38
Agreed penalties

External linkTPC v Ansett Transport Industries (Operations) Pty Limited [1978] FCA 21; (1978) 32 FLR 305
Mergers - dominance test

TPC v Australia Meat Holidngs Pty Ltd (1988) 83 ALR 299
Trade practices economics; mergers

TPC v CSR Ltd [1990] FCA 521; (1991) ATPR 41-076
Misuse of market power - pecuniary penalties

TPC v David Jones (Australia) Pty Ltd (1986) 13 FCR 446
Anti-competitive agreements; Price Fixing

TPC v Email Ltd (1980) ATPR 40–172
Anti-competitive agreements; exchange of price lists, circumstantial evidence

External linkTrade Practices Commission v Legion Cabs (Trading) Co-operative Society Ltd. [1978] FCA 47; (1978) 35 FLR 372
Exclusive dealing (third line forcing)

External linkTPC v Mobil Oil Australia Ltd (1984) 3 FCR 168
Resale price maintenance

TPC v Nicholas Enterprises (1979) 40 FLR 83
Contract, arrangement or understanding

External linkTPC v Orlane Australia Pty Limited [1984] 1 FCR 157; FCA 5; 51 ALR 767
Resale price maintenance

External linkTPC v Parkfield Operations Pty Ltd (1985) 5 FCR 140
Contract, arrangement or understanding - mutuality

External linkTPC v Penfold Wines Pty Ltd (1992) ATPR 41–163
Resale price maintenance

TPC v Service Station Association Ltd (1993) 44 FCR 206
Anti-competitive agreements; Price Fixing

External linkTPC v Sony (Australia) Pty Ltd (1990) ATPR 41–031
Resale price maintenance

External linkTPC v TNT Management Pty Ltd (1985) 6 FCR 1
Agreement or understanding - exclusionary provision - SLC - economic evidence

 

U

Universal Music Australia Pty Ltd v ACCC [2003] FCAFC 193
Misuse of market power; exclusive dealing, purpose or effect of SLC

 

V

Visy Paper Pty Ltd v ACCC [2003] HCA 59
Sectison 45 and 47 - anti-overlap

 

W

 

Numeric

Re 7-Eleven Stores (1994) ATPR 41-357
Market definition, public benefits/detriment